Location: Central Mexico
Altitude: 2045 Meters / 6583 Feet
Founded: 1554 by Antonio de Mendoza
Economy: Automotive, Textiles, Food Processing, Chemicals, Aerospace,Information Ttechnology and Logistics
Seat Population: 184,239 (2015)
Name: Real de Minas de Guanajuato - Guanajato is from the P'urepecha word "Cuanaxhuato," which means "mountain of frogs." Real de Minas is in reference to the mines for which the city was founded.
Inhabited from ancient times by the Chupicuaro and later the Chichimeca, Guanajuato was colonized by the Spanish starting in the 1520's. Guanajuato is located in the Trans-Mexico Volcanic Belt and Mexican Plateau, and the discovery of minerals near the city of Guanajuato saw the construction of a lavish and opulent city built from the riches of the mines.
Though the city of Guanajuato was founded in 1548, it wasn't until 1883 when a solution was finally found to ward off the annual flooding of the Guanajuato River. An incredible series of tunnels were thus constructed to divert the waters, with additional tunnels being constructed as late as the 1960's and 1990's. Eventually, due to the damning of the river, need for these tunnels subsided at a time when a new problem had emerged – traffic. The tunnels provided the perfect solution - and are now the foundation of Guanajuato's road system. Some of these tunnels are long, and their numbers are many. Though they are safe to walk through, the traffic fumes are quite unpleasant.
Guanajuato is a majestic city bursting with history, colourful streets and is known for performance arts. It is home to the Granary most famed due to it being the place where Father Hidalgo’s head was hung in a basket, following his execution, to remind the locals of the consequences of dissent.