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"Look at the stars lighting up the sky: no one of them stays in the same place."

Seneca

CUARENTA CASAS

An Ancient Mogollon Trade Centre

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Tucked into the deep ravines of the Huapoca Canyon are a series of wood and mud dwellings that are housed in caves. Archaeologists theorize the area was an important stopping place for traders travelling between the Mogollon Capital at Paquime, and the Sea of Cortes. Dr. Arturo Guevara Sanchez worked at this site at the end of the 20th century, finding evidence of feathers used for exchanges and ornamentation. Other studies conducted revealed cultivation of corn, legumes, squash, maguey and acorns. The people here hunted deer, rabbit and rodents for food.


 

There are 10 groups of rock shelters made from compacted mud with “T” type doors and windows. The groups are called: cave of the windows, cave of the cat, cave of the bridge, cave of the rats, cave of the walls, stained cave, cave of the stream, cave of the rock, cave of the arch and the cave of the niches. Artifacts found here include ceramics and lithic stone tools decorated with prehispanic motifs from the region. The very first photographs, complete with descriptions, were made public in 1892 after Norwegian explorer Carl Lumholtz visited the region. Lumholtz kept meticulous notes, and was the first to write about this area.

There are countless sites in this region, each comprised of hundreds upon hundreds of ruins, and as they are spread apart, it is impossible to visit them all. We are pleased to be offering a tour to this magnificent area of Chihuahua, as this region is the most southern of all Mogollon settlements.

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